CodeQL documentation

Formatting string mixes implicitly and explicitly numbered fields

ID: py/str-format/mixed-fields
Kind: problem
Severity: error
Precision: high
Tags:
   - reliability
   - correctness
Query suites:
   - python-security-and-quality.qls

Click to see the query in the CodeQL repository

A formatting expression, that is an expression of the form the_format.format(args) or format(the_format, args), can use explicitly numbered fields, like {1}, or implicitly numbered fields, such as {}, but it cannot use both. Doing so will raise a ValueError.

Recommendation

Use either explicitly numbered fields or implicitly numbered fields, but be consistent.

Example

In the following example the formatting uses both implicit, {}, and explicit, {1}, numbering for fields, which is illegal.

def illegal_format():
    "{} {1}".format("spam", "eggs")

References