CodeQL documentation

Comparison of constants

ID: py/comparison-of-constants
Kind: problem
Severity: warning
Precision: very-high
   - maintainability
   - useless-code
   - external/cwe/cwe-570
   - external/cwe/cwe-571
Query suites:
   - python-security-and-quality.qls

Click to see the query in the CodeQL repository

When two constants are compared it is typically an indication of a mistake, since the Boolean value of the comparison will always be the same. In very old code this may be used to initialize True and False.


It is never good practice to compare a value with itself. If the constant behavior is indeed required, use the Boolean literals True or False, rather than encoding them obscurely as 1 == 1 or similar. If there is a mistake, ascertain the desired behavior and correct it.


In this example, old code uses 1==1 to initialize __builtins__.True. This code has been unnecessary on all versions of Python released since 2003 and can be deleted.

#Interoperate with very old versions of Python (pre 2.3)
except NameError:
    __builtins__.True = 1==1