Clear-text storage of sensitive information¶
ID: py/clear-text-storage-sensitive-data Kind: path-problem Severity: error Precision: high Tags: - security - external/cwe/cwe-312 - external/cwe/cwe-315 - external/cwe/cwe-359 Query suites: - python-code-scanning.qls - python-security-extended.qls - python-security-and-quality.qls
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Sensitive information that is stored unencrypted is accessible to an attacker who gains access to the storage. This is particularly important for cookies, which are stored on the machine of the end-user.
Ensure that sensitive information is always encrypted before being stored. If possible, avoid placing sensitive information in cookies altogether. Instead, prefer storing, in the cookie, a key that can be used to look up the sensitive information.
In general, decrypt sensitive information only at the point where it is necessary for it to be used in cleartext.
Be aware that external processes often store the
standard out and
standard error streams of the application, causing logged sensitive information to be stored as well.
The following example code stores user credentials (in this case, their password) in a cookie in plain text:
from flask import Flask, make_response, request app = Flask("Leak password") @app.route('/') def index(): password = request.args.get("password") resp = make_response(render_template(...)) resp.set_cookie("password", password) return resp
Instead, the credentials should be encrypted, for instance by using the
cryptography module, or not stored at all.
M. Dowd, J. McDonald and J. Schuhm, The Art of Software Security Assessment, 1st Edition, Chapter 2 - ‘Common Vulnerabilities of Encryption’, p. 43. Addison Wesley, 2006.
M. Howard and D. LeBlanc, Writing Secure Code, 2nd Edition, Chapter 9 - ‘Protecting Secret Data’, p. 299. Microsoft, 2002.
Common Weakness Enumeration: CWE-312.
Common Weakness Enumeration: CWE-315.
Common Weakness Enumeration: CWE-359.