CodeQL documentation

Use of AngularJS markup in URL-valued attribute

ID: js/angular/expression-in-url-attribute
Kind: problem
Security severity: 
Severity: warning
Precision: very-high
   - maintainability
   - frameworks/angularjs
Query suites:
   - javascript-security-and-quality.qls

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Using AngularJS markup (that is, AngularJS expressions enclosed in double curly braces) in HTML attributes that reference URLs is not recommended: the browser may attempt to fetch the URL before the AngularJS compiler evaluates the markup, resulting in a request for an invalid URL.

While this is not a serious problem, it can degrade user experience, since the page may, for example, display broken image links while loading.


Use the corresponding AngularJS attributes: ng-src instead of src, ng-href instead of href, and ng-srcset instead of srcset.


The following example snippet loads an image from a URL that contains the AngularJS expression {{item._id}}.

<img src="#/resources/pics/{{item._id}}">

At page loading time before AngularJS has been fully initialized, the browser may attempt to load the image from the un-evaluated URL #/resources/pics/{{item._id}}, which will most likely fail and result in a broken image link. Later on when AngularJS has been loaded, the AngularJS compiler will evaluate the expression {{item._id}} and replace it with its value, which will cause the browser to reload the image.

To avoid the broken link and the reload, use the AngularJS-specific attribute ng-src:

<img ng-src="#/resources/pics/{{item._id}}">


  • AngularJS API Reference: ngHref.

  • AngularJS API Reference: ngSrc.

  • AngularJS API Reference: ngSrcset.

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