CodeQL documentation

Request without certificate validation

ID: rb/request-without-cert-validation
Kind: problem
Security severity: 7.5
Severity: warning
Precision: medium
   - security
   - external/cwe/cwe-295
Query suites:
   - ruby-security-extended.qls
   - ruby-security-and-quality.qls

Click to see the query in the CodeQL repository

Certificate validation is the standard authentication method of a secure TLS connection. Without it, there is no guarantee about who the other party of a TLS connection is, making man-in-the-middle attacks more likely to occur.

When testing software that uses TLS connections, it may be useful to disable the certificate validation temporarily. But disabling it in production environments is strongly discouraged, unless an alternative method of authentication is used.


Do not disable certificate validation for TLS connections.


The following example shows an HTTPS connection that makes a GET request to a remote server. But the connection is not secure since the verify_mode option of the connection is set to OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE. As a consequence, anyone can impersonate the remote server.

require "net/https"
require "uri"

uri = URI.parse ""
http =, uri.port
http.use_ssl = true
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE
request = uri.request_uri
puts http.request(request).body

To make the connection secure, the verify_mode option should have its default value, or be explicitly set to OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_PEER.


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