CodeQL documentation

JavaScript Injection

ID: swift/unsafe-js-eval
Kind: path-problem
Security severity: 9.3
Severity: warning
Precision: medium
   - security
   - external/cwe/cwe-094
   - external/cwe/cwe-095
   - external/cwe/cwe-749
Query suites:
   - swift-security-extended.qls
   - swift-security-and-quality.qls

Click to see the query in the CodeQL repository

Evaluating JavaScript that contains a substring from a remote origin may lead to remote code execution. Code written by an attacker can execute unauthorized actions, including exfiltration of local data through a third party web service.


When loading JavaScript into a web view, evaluate only known, locally-defined source code. If part of the input comes from a remote source, do not inject it into the JavaScript code to be evaluated. Instead, send it to the web view as data using an API such as WKWebView.callAsyncJavaScript with the arguments dictionary to pass remote data objects.


In the following (bad) example, a call to WKWebView.evaluateJavaScript evaluates JavaScript source code that is tainted with remote data, potentially introducing a code injection vulnerability.

let webview: WKWebView
let remoteData = try String(contentsOf: URL(string: "")!)


_ = try await webview.evaluateJavaScript("console.log(" + remoteData + ")") // BAD

In the following (good) example, we sanitize the remote data by passing it using the arguments dictionary of WKWebView.callAsyncJavaScript. This ensures that untrusted data cannot be evaluated as JavaScript source code.

let webview: WKWebView
let remoteData = try String(contentsOf: URL(string: "")!)


_ = try await webview.callAsyncJavaScript(
    arguments: ["data": remoteData], // GOOD
    contentWorld: .page


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